Poland’s Buckwheat Challenge: A Closer Look at 2023 Crop

Buckwheat Hulled and wooden spoon

Spis treści

Buckwheat Market Overview

As the 2023 buckwheat planting season approaches, anticipation and uncertainty fill the air in Poland. The potential size of the upcoming crop remains shrouded in mystery, leaving groats producers on the edge of their seats. Early indicators hint at the possibility of a decline in buckwheat production for Poland this year, introducing a fascinating twist to previous market predictions. In this comprehensive article, we dig in deep into the complexity of Poland’s buckwheat industry, examining recent production trends, market dynamics, and the unique challenges it faces.

Buckwheat Challenges

Market Imbalance

Another significant issue facing Poland’s buckwheat market is the growing imbalance between conventional and organic buckwheat. While conventional buckwheat dominates the market, accounting for the lion’s share of production, organic buckwheat represents only a modest 15-20%. This stark contrast in availability could potentially lead to a widening price gap between organic and conventional buckwheat, raising questions about the sustainability of organic production.

Uncertain Buckwheat Demand

The 2022/23 season witnessed a slow start, but as the calendar turned to January, the market dynamics began to shift. Falling prices managed to attract more buyers, yet predicting the demand trend for the upcoming 2023/24 season remains a challenging puzzle. The market’s resilience and adaptability will be put to the test in the face of these uncertainties.

Buckwheat Seeds are touched by the hand
Buckwheat Plant

Buckwheat Market Trends

To gain insight into the current situation, let’s take a quick look at the recent buckwheat production figures for the top three buckwheat producing countries, excluding China:

Buckwheat Production In Poland

Poland has consistently played a significant role in buckwheat production, contributing to the global market’s stability. Here’s a snapshot of recent production figures in Poland:

  • 2021: 143,000 tons
  • 2022: 176,000 tons

It’s worth noting that Poland holds the distinction of being the largest organic buckwheat producer in Europe. Buckwheat organic market in this region primarily relies on two key markets, as previously mentioned: Poland and the Baltic States. These countries take the lead in organic production across Europe. Another significant player in the global organic buckwheat market is China.

Buckwheat Production In Ukraine

Ukraine, is another key player in the global buckwheat market, has witnessed its own production dynamics as follows:

  • 2021: 107,000 tons
  • 2022: 158,000 tons

In the past, Ukraine relied on larger imports of buckwheat from Russia during periods of low domestic production. However, this dynamic has undergone a significant shift in recent times. Ukraine has bolstered its domestic buckwheat production, now producing the majority of its buckwheat for domestic consumption. When additional supplies are required, Ukraine has turned to alternative trading partners, such as Poland or Lithuania, for imports.

Buckwheat Production In Russia

Russia, a giant in the world of buckwheat production, has experienced substantial fluctuations in recent years:

  • 2021: 921,000 tons
  • 2022: 1,240,000 tons

Russia’s immense production capacity is overwhelming. However, domestic annual consumption hovers around 850,000 to 900,000 tons. Previously, a significant portion of the surplus production was primarily exported to Ukraine and Kazakhstan. It’s worth noting that these markets have shown diminished interest in buckwheat imports in recent times. As a result, Russia has adeptly redirected its export efforts toward China and Japan.

Buckwheat Market Summary

As the 2023 buckwheat planting season looms, Poland’s buckwheat industry stands at a critical crossroads. The challenges it faces, from the Russian production surge to market imbalances and uncertain demand, are significant, yet they also offer opportunities for innovation and adaptation.

The agricultural sector in Poland is poised for change, and the decisions made by farmers in the coming months will shape the future of buckwheat production and its role in the country’s agricultural landscape. As we move toward new crop, staying informed will be essential for all buckwheat industry, including buyers, customers, and producers.


Piotr Goral Post Picture

Piotr Góral

Co-Founder of Seedea


+48 500 831 909

For many years, together with his small team, he has been boosting the sales of Polish family companies that supply food ingredients (mainly organic) to different foreign markets. His role involves creating new business projects and managing sales. He loves visiting suppliers and farmers during his travels, gathering valuable information that he shares through his articles.

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