Millet Market Update – September 2023

Millet Hulled in a wooden bowl also called Millet groats.

Spis treści

Millet Market Overview

The delayed millet 2023 crop has provided us with a unique opportunity to look deeper into the market. In this article, we will not only explore the reasons behind the delay of the millet harvest but also address the current issues faced by farmers and groats producers in Poland and Ukraine.

Additionally, we will examine the prevailing trends that are shaping Europe’s millet market this year.

Millet Challenges

Challenges in Poland

Rainfall Impact: Excessive rainfall has saturated fields and delayed the millet harvest in Poland. This has raised concerns among farmers about potential reductions in millet yields for this year’s crop and challenges in sourcing the right raw materials for groat processors.

Delayed Harvest: The delayed harvest has put pressure on farmers and suppliers, leading to concerns about shortage of raw millet available for sale in this time of the year. This situation has led to a recent price increase of hulled millet by 10-15%.

Challenges in Ukraine

Glyphosate Risk: Wet weather in Ukraine has also delayed the millet harvest. There’s concern about glyphosate usage among Ukrainian farmers this year. Leading hulled millet producer from Ukraine says: most of the samples we receive, were either treated, or are too dirty for us to clean it. Millet is really a hard product to work with, we have to select the raw material that is suitable (for our production) first.”

Quality Analysis: The threat of glyphosate usage extends to EU buyers, who are typically more vigilant about quality analysis than the domestic market. Ensuring that millet grains from the new crop can meet EU requirements can become a primary concern for those involved in millet groats production.

Farmer's hand holding Millet grains
Farmer’s hand holding Millet grains

Millet Market Trends

Pet Food Demand on the Rise?

In contrast to the low millet consumption in the previous season, the current millet season has started with increased demand from the pet food industry. Millet serves as a primary ingredient for many pet food mixes.

A major Polish-based pet food producers anticipates a significant 20% increase in sales for the 2023/2024 season compared to the previous seasons.

Food Industry is Finally Back on Track

The human food sector is purchasing more than in the previous season. This increased demand signals a brighter outlook for the 2023/2024 season and has resulted in requests for more products.

Partly due to reduced millet stock availability from 2022, and delayed 2023 harvest. It seems that challenging times are now behind hulled millet producers.

Poland Millet Production

To understand the overall millet production in Poland, please refer to the chart below, which presents complete data from 2013 to 2022, including an estimate for this year’s crop.

Millet Production in Poland

YearPlanted Area (1000 ha)Production (1000 Tons)Yield (T/ha)
201332431.35
201436511.42
201528351.28
201625411.68
201717311.82
201813221.61
201919291.59
202022411.80
202119381.88
202219392.05
2023 (Estimation)17281.64

Analyzing the data, we can observe that millet production in the last three years has remained at a similar level, around 40,000 tons. However, when viewed in the broader context, millet production in Poland is becoming less significant in comparison to other crops. This decline can be attributed to various factors, with one significant factor being the relatively low profitability of millet compared to other crops.

Millet Market Summary

Excessive rainfall in both Poland and Ukraine has delayed the millet harvest, posing challenges for farmers and groats processors.

Potential glyphosate usage in Ukraine adds another layer of concern, particularly for EU buyers. 

Despite the previous season’s weak demand and average harvest estimations both countries, the current season is witnessing a recovery in demand. Driven by both the pet food and human food industries. This demand promises a more prosperous future for hulled millet producers. Signaling a positive turn for the millet market.

Source:

  1. https://www.petfoodindustry.com/nutrition/article/15464638/millet-used-as-an-alternate-grain-in-dog-food

Author

Piotr Góral Seedea

Piotr Góral

Co-Founder of Seedea

piotr@seedea.pl

+48 500 831 909

For many years, together with his small team, he has been boosting the sales of Polish family companies that supply food ingredients (mainly organic) to different foreign markets. His role involves creating new business projects and managing sales. He loves visiting suppliers and farmers during his travels, gathering valuable information that he shares through his articles.

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